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STD-Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STD-Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) refer to a condition that is transferred from one person to another by sexual contact. Having sex unprotected with someone with an STD can lead to the transmission of the disease. STDs are also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or venereal diseases (VDs). However, that doesn’t mean sex is the only way STDs are transmitted. If an infection is transmitted through sharing needles and breastfeeding, this may depend on the particular STD.

Following are some STDs:

 

1- GONORRHEA:

It is a bacterial disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae which is a gram-negative coccus. It is introduced in the body through sexual contact with negative coccus. It is introduced in the body through sexual contact with an infected person. The bacteria cause ulcers in genital tubes and experience burning sensations during urination with a thick discharge from the urethra. In infected females, oviducts become damaged and blocked. If it is not treated it can cause infertility in both females and males. An infected mother can transmit these bacteria to her newborn baby during delivery. These babies suffer from eye infections and can become blind if not treated immediately. 

2- SYPHILIS: 

It is caused by a spirochaete bacterium Treponema pallidum. It damages the reproductive organs and disseminates in the body and affects multiple systems especially nervous and skeletal systems. These conditions may become life-threatening to the patients. It is treated with prolonged antibiotic treatment. 

 

3- GENITAL HERPES: 

Genital herpes is a viral disease caused by a herpes simplex virus characterized by painful blisters and ulcers on and around external genital organs. It is transmitted by sexual contact or during birth. The disease is not cured by but the complications can be prevented by the use of antibiotics. 

 

4- AIDS:

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a life-threatening disease caused by HIV ( HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS). It is abundantly present in the body fluids of the infected person. The major mode of transmission of HIV is infected needles, unscreened blood transfusions, and unprotected sexual intercourse. The infection destroys the patient’s immune system and exposes the infected person to other bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic infections. Newborns may also get infected through the placenta of HIV infected mother. 

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